Monday, June 29, 2015

Boreal Blossoms on the Bold Coast Trail

 Without doubt the most scenic coastline in the U.S. is the "Bold Coast" in northeast Washington County.  Fortunately the State of Maine owns over 12,000 beautiful acres there, and has made some of the best areas open and accessible to the public with hiking trails.


 Here are some photos taken along the Coastal Trail....1.5 miles each way.  The forests of Maine offer some interesting and beautiful blossoms.  Sometimes I get focused on the wildflowers of meadow and roadside....but the deep woods and rocky shoreline can also be a botanical feast.
Take a leisurely walk with Liv and I along the trail and see what's in bloom.

Northern Wood-Sorrel (Oxalis Montana)

 Twinflower (Linnea borealis)

 Bunchberry (Chamaepericlymenum canadense)

 Downy Woodpecker (Picoides pubescens)

 Bluebeard Lily (Clintonia borealis)

 Ebony Jewelwing Dragonfly
(Calopteryx maculata)

 Cinnamon Fern (Osmundastrum cinnamoneum)

 Starflower (Lysimachia borealis)

 Common Yarrow (Achillea millefolium)

 Black-throated Green Warbler (Dendronica virens)

 Hobomok Skipper Butterfly (Poanes hobomok)

 Seaside Angelica (Angelica lucida)

 Spring Azure Butterfly (Celestrina argiolus)

 Beach-pea (Lathyrus japonica)

 Hopefully a reader will help with an ID on this dragonfly!

Juvenile Wren....??? Winter Wren
(Troglodytes troglodytes hienalis)

Blue Flag (Iris versicolor)

 The 1.5 mile hike brings you to an imposing scenic overlook.  Well worth the effort.  Be sure to bring a camera.

Lots to see and do Downeast.....that is, WAY Downeast and far from the crowds and tourist traps of Bar Harbor and south!

Sunday, June 7, 2015

Wild Butterfly Orchids

 Wild Butterfly Orchids (Encyclia tampensis)  are at their peak in mid June in Myakka River State Park.

Synonyms: Epidendrum tampense Lindley 1847; Epidendrum porphyrospilum Rchb.f 1877;

Summary: This is a rather conspicuous epiphytic plant with pseudobulbs typically an inch or less in diameter supporting one (sometimes two) slender, grass-like leaves six to twelve inches long. Roots are slender and white when dry, and can run several feet up and down the branch where the plant grows. Flower stems emerge from within the leaf axil, to bear a raceme or panicle of attractive flowers, typically fragrant in the hours around noon. The flowers are 1 to 1.5 inches across, with green sepals and petals suffused with varying amounts of red, a tri-lobed lip with two lobes on either side of the column and the third lobe fan-shaped and typically blotched with purple
Above is from the Florida Orchid website and blog.  Great stuff!

 Half of North America's orchid species can be found in Florida...including four species which are endemic.

 Tropical Oak Hammocks are a wonderful place to explore.

I love to spend time in the Oak Hammocks of Myakka River State Park....always something interesting to see, whatever the season.

Friday, March 27, 2015

Paddling to Botany class!

It's a rare opportunity to attend an on-site Botany lecture by a retired professor!  It's even more rare to commute to class in a kayak.....but that is exactly what the Charlotte Harbor Florida Sierra Club did at a recent outing.
A flotilla of 14 boats launched from Blind Pass Beach Park on Manasota Key for a 2 1/2 mile paddle south along Lemon Bay to the home of retired professor emeritus from Penn State, Dr Bill Dunson,  who led the group through a walking lecture on gardening for wildlife.
 Group leaders Charlie Woodruff (L) and Allaine Hale (R) who is the Greater Charlotte Harbor Sierra Club outings chairman. 
Paddling through Lemon Bay's Aquatic Preserve, we saw dolphins, an eagle, cormorants and red breasted mergansers!
Charlie, an accomplished birder and paddler, led the way through the mangroves to Dr Bill's Botanical Garden.

The hour and fifteen minute commute to class.

Parking was, as usual for a university lecture, at a premium!
Below is Dr Dunson's home.  Notice the natural setting between some new construction to the north (finished now....another waterfront McMansion) and to the south a typical home with lawn and a few palms.


 Want to know all about waterfront building in SW Florida?
 What a peaceful and relaxing place to spend the winter in Florida.

Dr Bill provided a list of species in his yard and told us his criteria for plant selection when creating a natural and "critter friendly" environment.   Plants should provide one or more....
Food for wildlife via nectar, fruit and larval food
Nesting or breeding space

No overwatering
No chemicals

Though we could only focus on a few interesting or favorite species, the Dunson list totaled an incredible 165 species, with 79 natives and 86 exotics.  WOW!

 Sea Oxeye Daisy ( Borrichia frutescens), which is a great bee, butterfly and bird attractor and is salt tolerant (halophilic) and a great choice near the water.   This got everyone thinking about "zones" in their yard......special spots with both advantages and disadvantages for different species. 

Sea Oxeye Daisy

Queen Palms (Syagrus romanzoffiana) the way nature intended.  Most often over-trimmed by aggressive landscapers....when left alone their fruits provide food for birds and small mammals...and the pruned fronds when left on the tree make an ideal breeding place for snails and caterpillars.

This is what a landscaper with a chain saw will do....not much good for wildlife!

Queen Palm wiki link

My favorite of the day.....Sensitive Plant (Mimosa pudica), which is a fast spreading ground cover.  They are a "nitrogen fixing" legume, thus grow well without added fertilizer and are good for the soil.   With my added interest in Ethnobotany I also learned, when I looked it up, that an extract made from the roots kills roundworm larvae and neutralizes venom of the Spectacle Cobra! 

Mimosa pudica link
Wikipedia says that Mimosa is "shade tolerant," but Dr Bill said "no" I looked at several more sites, which say "full sun."  Guess Wikipedia isn't always the best source!

Nitrogen fixing in plants

Good for wildlife.....well, good for the bacterium in the soil and healthy soil is the first step in healthy trophic levels

Every garden should have a water source for critters.  Dr Bill showed us his birdbath drip system.....a more natural way to attract birds.

Birdbath Drip Systems

Senna Popcorn Cassia (Senna didymobotrya).  This wonderful plant will grow to a great nesting thicket for birds and is the larval food plant for Cloudless Sulfur butterflies (Phoebis sennae).
Popcorn Senna

Cloudless Sulfur link

 You can follow Dr Bill on his "Nature Notes" blog seen on The Lemon Bay Conservancy's website
 Food for both man and wild things.....a Black Mulberry Tree (Morus nigra).   Great addition to a garden.....gotta' have one!
Providing habitat with a thicket and a Screech Owl house!

Bill Dunson photo
Dr Bill sent me this photo, as the little guy wasn't home when we visited.  These little owls are opportunistic omnivores and just right for a garden food they dine on invertebrates, birds and small mammals.

Dr Bill talked about "invasives" and how they are often not the villain of the garden and provide something useful.....habitat, food, larval food, etc.. 

Are all Invasive Species bad?

Primary predator at the Dunson Botanical Garden seems to be this Brown Anole (Anolis sagrei).

Brown Anole link

 My rule of thumb is to always end a botanical walk with an orchid!  Here is a Crucifix Orchid (Epidendrum secundum), a very attractive undocumented immigrant from South America.
 Bidding the class goodbye and a pleasant paddle home! 
Time to paddle, enjoy the day and reflect on all I learned.  Thanks so much to the Sierra Club for a unique outing...and thanks to Dr Bill for sharing his knowledge.
A quote came to mind from a text I read and kept.....
"A considerable number of professional scientists, as well as highly motivated amateurs, are engaged in ecological observations that have nonconsumptive value.  While these scientific activities provide economic benefits...THEIR REAL VALUE LIES IN THEIR ABILITY TO INCREASE HUMAN KNOWLEDGE, ENHANCE EDUCATION, AND ENRICH THE HUMAN EXPERIENCE."
 Looking forward to many more outings with the Sierra Club and many more days on the waters of SW Florida.